Ictnews The world is entering the "green revolution". Agriculture is a multi-billion dollar industry and one of the largest in the world, accounting for almost 1% of GDP in the UK, 6% in the US and 12% in Australia. It is considered a burgeoning industry, with the demand for food increasing as the world population approaches nearly 8 billion people.Professor Mak Sharma at Birmingham City University said: “Agriculture is rapidly adopting 5G technology to monitor environmental conditions for optimal crop growth, monitoring processes, Feeding, livestock monitoring and even dairy farming require no human intervention. In addition, plowing, sowing, feeding, health monitoring and crop harvesting are also done automatically through 5G-connected agricultural machinery without human intervention.
   All of this is possible with other mobile networks, but 5G's high bandwidth, support for a large number of sensors communicating simultaneously, and low latency make it perfect for sites. camp.
Here are five ways that 5G technology can transform the agricultural industry:
1. Precision Agriculture
   Precision agriculture, also known as smart agriculture, is the application of all precision treatments to crops. Instead of having to treat the entire field the same, they can give each area exactly what it needs, such as reducing or increasing the amount of water, nutrients, fertilizers and pesticides. grass.
   “5G technology is important in this regard, as it supports machine-to-machine (M2M) communication services,” said Simon Jordan, a sensor physicist at Cambridge. 5G speeds things up, allowing machines to be centrally controlled and data sent back in real time; without 5G, the system relies only on data uploaded at the end of the day.
2. Agricultural machinery connected to 5G
   For precision farming to really take off, 5G-connected agricultural machinery is needed. The dramatic increase in computing power and data collection are the driving forces behind the rise of artificial intelligence (AI), but a link is still missing as to how to get that data to the table. where needed for analysis.
   “5G connected on farm machines and sensors will massively increase the amount of data available,” said Paul Beastall, Director of Technology Strategy at Cambridge Consulting. Farms around the world are often run from a combination of experience and specialized knowledge, and AI has helped uncover patterns that allow productivity to be improved, for example by providing early warnings of disease in the greenhouse”.
3. Using drones in spraying
   The use of drones in spraying is growing, it is integrated with lawn scanners and sprayers, which scan crops with AI to identify weeds and then apply herbicides only when necessary.“Today, there are a number of projects that use the insights generated by Internet of Things (IoT) farming tools to improve efficiency,” said Daniel Valle, Chief Engineer of EMEA at WWT. For example, apply deep learning techniques to drones to help identify areas of weed concentration, applying herbicides only when necessary. Similarly, crops can be harvested earlier or later using color and size analysis of the crop.”
   Farmers also have to be present, Daniel Valle adds, but by combining smart technologies with the power of 5G, farmers can more efficiently allocate their time to the areas that really matter.
4. Monitor weeds and crops
   Current camera technology can distinguish between crops and weeds. A good example is Blue River's Vodafone 5G system, now owned by agricultural giant John Deere. The 'See & Spray' technology uses a high-resolution camera that captures 20 images per second, with AI applied to the images to allow the system to recognize the difference between crops and weeds. Thereby, reducing the spraying of herbicides for the entire area but only spraying areas with weeds.
   Another example is the Fafaza device, which detects differences in leaf color and texture to isolate plants. “It is designed to work automatically, without a network connection, and all the necessary processing is installed on the existing platform,” said Simon Jordan. However, if there is a 5G connection, it can report the location of weeds or potential trouble spots to allow later tracking by another machine.”
5. Insect tracking
   Detecting and taking timely measures to treat insects in the field is very important to minimize the damage to crops caused by them.

   “The 5G integrated device can relay data back quickly from sensors fixed in the field,” said Simon Jordan. These sensors can measure things like insect populations and disease pressures, as well as soil conditions in real time.” 5G-enabled location services can also be used to precisely find machines in farms.