Scientist who discovered HIV virus dies: French virologist Luc Montagnier dies at 89. Montagnier was awarded the 2008 Nobel Prize for the discovery of the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes AIDS.
Montagnier and French scientist Francoise Barre-Sinoussi received half of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Medicine for their role in the discovery of the HIV virus. The other half of the prize went to German cancer researcher Harald zur Hausen.
Montagnier, born in 1932, holds a PhD in virology from the University of Paris. He later became director of the World Foundation for AIDS Research and Prevention in Paris. In the years leading up to the AIDS epidemic, Mr. Montagnier made many important discoveries about the nature of viruses and contributed to understanding how retroviruses alter an organism’s genetic information. . . owner.
His work on interferons, the body’s defense against viruses, has also opened the way for the treatment of viral diseases.