The latest surveys of American astronomy and astrophysics from 2022 to 2032 indicate that NASA has developed a new plan to develop several large space telescopes to find planets.
According to the survey report, the first mission of the new plan will be a space telescope that can observe the universe at infrared, optical and ultraviolet wavelengths. The Hubble Space Telescope mainly observes optics and ultraviolet light, while the James Webb Telescope mainly observes the universe with infrared light.
Since the light collection area is more than twice that of the Hubble Telescope, this newly established observatory can see planets in other star systems, the brightness of these planets is one-tenth of its stars, and can identify specific wavelengths of light or spectrum .
The new telescope is expected to cost US$11 billion and is expected to be launched in the early 2040s.
The investigation found that five years after the first flagship mission, NASA should start developing far-infrared and X-ray missions. The cost of each task is estimated to be between US$3 billion and US$5 billion. Suggest.
The far-infrared window into space can help astronomers study the behavior of water during the formation of planetary systems.
On the ground, the first task of astronomers is to continue the construction of the two main optical observatories in Chile and Hawaii, although the Hawaii Observatory project has been controversial.
The investigation also pointed out that it is time to replace the telescopes scattered across the United States. The sensitivity of the proposed successor telescope will be increased by 10 times.